IRP registration

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    If you’re in the trucking industry, you know that IRP registration is integral to staying compliant and running a successful business. IRP stands for International Registration Plan and is a uniform, international approach to licensing motor vehicles used in interstate commerce.

    Understanding the different requirements and regulations associated with IRP registration is vital to operating your business successfully.

    What is IRP?

    The IRP is a cooperative program among the states and Canadian provinces regulating motor vehicles engaging in interstate commerce. To put it simply, if you plan on operating a motor vehicle used for commercial purposes across state lines or in different provinces, then you need to register it under the IRP.

    The IRP ensures that commercial vehicles are registered, taxed, and insured.


    What You Need to Know About IRP Registration

    If you’re involved in the trucking industry, you must know some crucial facts about IRP registration. First, you need to make sure that you understand the registration requirements for each state and province in which you plan on operating your vehicle. This includes knowing what taxes you need to pay, what kind of insurance coverage is needed, and the specific registration fees for each jurisdiction. You also need to ensure your vehicle meets the legal requirements for registration, including having a valid U.S. DOT number and an IFTA decal.

    In most cases, you must have a base jurisdiction in which your vehicle will be registered. This means you must find a state or province willing to serve as your base jurisdiction and from which you will file all your paperwork. You’ll also need to make sure that you register your vehicle with each jurisdiction in which you plan on operating it.

    Benefits of IRP Registration

    The International Registration Plan (IRP) is an agreement between the states, provinces, and districts of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. It lets motor carriers register vehicles in a fleet and pay license fees proportionately. 

    Trucking companies that register with the International Registration Plan can drive legally in all states, provinces, and districts covered by the agreement. This saves trucking companies time and money, as they don’t need to register their vehicles in multiple states or provinces and don’t have to pay individual registration fees.

    Benefits of IRP registration include:

    Cost Savings

    By registering with the International Registration Plan, trucking companies can save money on vehicle registration fees. Instead of paying multiple registration fees in different states, provinces, and districts, trucking companies only need to pay one fee proportionately distributed among all the states, provinces, and districts they operate in. This means that trucking companies can reduce their overall registration fees significantly.

    Increased profitability can help trucking companies grow and expand their operations into additional areas.


    The International Registration Plan makes it easy for trucking companies to keep track of their registration fees, as all the fees are paid in one lump sum. This eliminates the need for trucking companies to track multiple registration fees due in different states, provinces, and districts.


    By registering with the International Registration Plan, trucking companies can be sure that their vehicles are legally registered in all the states, provinces, and districts they operate in. This means trucking companies can avoid fines for being unregistered or operating illegally in any state, province, or district.

    Save Time

    Trucking companies that register with the International Registration Plan can save time by not going through the registration process in every state. With IRP registration, all information is shared between states, and the process is much more streamlined. 

    It’s easy to manage your fleet’s IRP registration with a single application and one or two payment options. You’ll also save time by no longer keeping up with registration renewals state-by-state.

    Besides, IRP registration helps the trucking company stay ahead of the regulatory curve and avoid unnecessary fines or fees.

    Access to New Markets

    By registering with the International Registration Plan, trucking companies open up their business to a larger market. The ability to operate in multiple states, provinces, and districts means that trucking companies can access new business opportunities, ultimately leading to increased profits. 

    Overall, the International Registration Plan offers trucking companies multiple benefits, including cost savings, simplicity, legality, and access to new markets. By registering with the plan, trucking companies can save time and money and get access to a larger market.

    How IRP Registration Works

    The International Registration Plan is a streamlined process that helps trucking companies save time and money. The process involves submitting one application to the base jurisdiction, which will then be shared with all the other member jurisdictions.

    The application includes information about the vehicle registration fees that need to be paid and other important information, such as the number of vehicles and which states they will be operating in. Once the application is received, the base jurisdiction will calculate the fees due to each state, province, or district.

    Once all the fees have been paid in full, the trucking company will receive an IRP plate, which allows the truck to operate legally in all the member jurisdictions. The IRP plate is valid for one year and must be renewed annually.

    What Vehicles Qualify?

    Regarding IRP registration, specific requirements must be met for a vehicle to qualify. Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) regulations require that any motor vehicle being operated as part of a for-hire or private fleet be registered under the International Registration Plan (IRP) if it meets any of the following criteria:

    Gross Weight

    The vehicle must have a minimum gross weight or a combination of two or more vehicles that exceeds 26,000 pounds.


    The vehicle must travel from one jurisdiction to another and operate in two or more jurisdictions. The minimum distance for this requirement is 5 miles. 

    Miles Traveled

    The vehicle must accumulate more than 5,000 miles in one or more jurisdictions each year. The vehicle must also be used as part of a fleet, meaning it is being placed into service regularly.

    Types of Vehicles

    Common vehicles subject to IRP registration include semi-trucks, buses, cargo vans, and pick-up trucks. Any vehicle used to transport hazardous materials will also require IRP registration.

    Any vehicle owned and operated by a business that meets the above criteria must be registered with the IRP. Note that even if the vehicle is not owned by the business but is operated on behalf of the business, it must still be registered with the IRP.


    It must be apportioned to ensure that the motor vehicle is properly registered with all of the necessary jurisdictions. This means that a portion of the fees paid for IRP registration will be given to each jurisdiction where the vehicle operates.

    The apportionment fees are determined by the number of miles traveled in each jurisdiction. The IRP registration fees are based on a vehicle’s weight, meaning that the heavier the vehicle, the more it will cost to register with IRP.

    IRP Registration Process

    Registering a vehicle with IRP can be done online or by mail. For most states, you must pay the registration fees in full before the application process can begin. 

    To register a vehicle with IRP, the owner must provide proof of ownership and all necessary information about their fleet. This includes, but is not limited to, the number of vehicles in the fleet, vehicle types, and license plate numbers.

    Once the application has been submitted, it will be reviewed by the state agency responsible for IRP registration. The application will be approved or denied, depending on the details provided.

    IRP Fees

    Once approved, the vehicle’s owner must pay a one-time registration fee and an annual renewal fee. The IRP registration fee depends on the type of license plate you choose and the number of axles your vehicle has. In addition, other fees may be incurred depending on the jurisdiction in which you are registering your vehicle. 

    For example, if you’re a Canadian trucker who has a two-axle vehicle, the registration fee will be based on the type of license plate you choose. If you go with a regular plate, you’ll pay around $100 plus applicable taxes. If you choose to get an international plate, the fee is higher; it ranges from $140-$350, plus applicable taxes.

    Additionally, you’ll need to pay a mileage fee based on the distance your vehicle will travel each year. The mileage fee will vary depending on the jurisdiction where you’re registering your vehicle. In Ontario, for example, the annual mileage fee ranges from $350 to $4,500 for two-axle vehicles. 

    Note that the fees associated with IRP registration are subject to change. You may be required to pay additional taxes or fees if your state or province requires it. Additionally, some states and provinces discount registration fees if you have a clean driving record. 

    IRP fees are not refundable. If you cancel your registration or transfer it to another vehicle, you will not be refunded any money you’ve already paid. 

    IRP Compliance

    Once the application has been approved and the registration fees have been paid, ensure that a motor vehicle complies with the IRP regulations.

    Any changes to the vehicle’s weight, type, or other information must be reported to the state agency issuing the IRP registration. Failure to comply can result in fines or even the suspension of the vehicle’s registration. 

    Penalty Fees

    The penalty fees associated with IRP non-compliance can be significant. For example, failure to register a vehicle or to keep it registered could result in fines of up to $10,000 or more. In addition, the owner could be held liable for any damages incurred due to operating an unregistered vehicle.

    IRP registration is essential for businesses operating motor vehicles between jurisdictions. Not only does it ensure compliance with all applicable laws, but it also can save businesses money in the long run. To ensure a vehicle remains compliant, owners must inform their state agencies of any changes and pay all registration fees on time. By doing so, they can avoid expensive fines and remain compliant with IRP regulations.

    At FleetCare, we pride ourselves on helping trucking companies keep their vehicles compliant with IRP regulations. With our comprehensive dashboard and streamlined process, we make it easy to stay informed and compliant. Contact us today to learn how we can help you comply with IRP regulations. services for your dispatch needs

    We are honest, reliable, and transparent, and we have already come up with a way to make the dispatch process as quick and easy as possible.

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    Frequently Asked Questions

    IRP Registration or International Registration Plan is a registration agreement between the contiguous United States and Canadian provinces, which allows carriers to register their vehicles for inter-jurisdictional travel. The agreement provides an easy way to manage registrations and fees for motor carriers operating across multiple jurisdictions. It is important because it simplifies the registration processes for carriers, eliminates the need for separate registrations in each state or province, and ensures compliance with regulations across borders.

    Motor carriers that are based in a participating state or province, and operate in two or more IRP jurisdictions, are required to register with IRP.

    The cost of IRP Registration varies based on the number of jurisdictions you operate in, the distance traveled, and other factors. The fee is calculated based on the total distance traveled in all jurisdictions over the registration year.

    IRP Registration provides many benefits to carriers including reduced administrative costs, streamlined processes, and improved compliance with regulations. It ensures that carriers can operate legally and efficiently across multiple states, and simplifies the process of obtaining cross-border credentials for vehicles.

    Yes, there are some limitations on vehicle types that can be registered under IRP. Vehicles that are over 26,000 pounds in weight, or have three or more axles are eligible for IRP Registration.

    The requirements for IRP Registration include proof of insurance, the current registration certificate or title of the vehicle, and complete credentials for each jurisdiction in which the carrier operates.

    If you experience any issues with your IRP registration, including license plate, fees, or renewal problems, contact the IRP office in your jurisdiction. They will be able to provide guidance on solving any issues you are facing.

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